What kind of raspberries to choose for cool regions
The Urals and Siberia are characterized by severe climatic conditions in which raspberries are quite difficult to take root. But thanks to breeding developments, with the help of which there were developed repair varieties that are distinguished by the ability to bear fruit several times a season, raspberry cultivation became possible for these areas. Why this feature is important in a cool climate, as well as which particular varieties will be the most promising for cultivation in harsh conditions, read below.
Why maintainability matters in a cool climate
Repair raspberries are a whole group of varieties that are different from the usual types of fruiting and a number of other features. Firstly, berries are formed not only on annual growths, as in standard species, but also on two-year ones.
Did you know? The first raspberry in Russia was laid by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky. The area of raspberry plantings was so large that even bears were found there.
Secondly, the vegetation produces crops several times during the season - immediately after the harvest returns new flowers and ovary begin to appear. This feature leads to higher productivity, in comparison with conventional varieties.Another important feature of the plants in question is the good tolerance of frost. - this applies to both shoots and the root system. Such plants do not need to be bent to the soil for the winter, it is enough to mulch the soil around the bushes.
The shoots of the repairing varieties are resistant to drooping, and also do not require garters to support. Even strong gusts of wind in good weather withstand. And the most important plus is high resistance to diseases and parasites.
Under the basic conditions of agricultural technology, you will not have to make the cost of chemical treatment. Based on the botanical characteristics of the repairing varieties, they will be most promising for cultivation in cool areas.
The best varieties of remontant and productive raspberries for the Ural region
When choosing a repairing variety of the culture in question for a harsh climate, it is best to contact a nursery located as close as possible to a specific climatic zone. This will allow you to purchase plants adapted to certain weather conditions.
The following varieties should be considered in more detail:
- Orange miracle;
- Zorenka Altai;
- August miracle;
- Bryansk marvel;
- Diamond raspberries.
Plants are powerful, spreading in shape. 6–7 substitution shoots are formed each season and the same number of root offspring. The foliage is medium-sized, with pronounced serration along the edge, green in color, wrinkled in structure.The first time the culture begins to bear fruit in mid-July, the second time - from mid-August until the frost inclusive. The berries are conical, colored when fully ripened in a golden hue, weight - 4.5–5.5 g.
The taste is sweet, with a refreshing light sourness. The yield level of one plant is 2.5–3 kg.
The culture is characterized by increased resistance to diseases of various etiologies and pests. However, it has a lower cold resistance than similar varieties. Based on this, it is better to cultivate it in areas of the Urals, characterized by a milder climate.
Important! Raspberry variety An orange miracle does not tolerate heat, which should be considered when planting and organizing an irrigation system. When cultivating this variety, it is better to organize a drip irrigation system on the site.
The crop in question is suitable for cultivation in all regions of Russia, with the exception of the Far Eastern and Southern.The bushes of Zorenka Altai are distinguished by a powerful structure, reaching a height of 1.8–2 m, semi-spreading.Trellis cultivation recommended. The shoot-forming ability is low, i.e., the bushes form a very small number of replacement branches, which complicates the reproduction.
Fruiting periods are average. The berries are ready for harvest in early July. Fruits are characterized by resistance to mechanical damage, which makes it possible to transport them freely and ensures their long shelf life in fresh form (about 7-8 days).
Each bush gives at least 2 kg of berries per year.
Fruits are rounded, dense, do not crumble during harvest. At full maturity, they are painted in dark crimson. The taste is bright, pleasant, sweet and sour.
The culture is highly frost resistant. Of the diseases, it is prone to purple spotting. Most pests are resistant.
The culture forms a not too tall, up to 1.8 m, compact, semi-spreading bush of 7 shoots. Branches do not lie down even with abundant fruiting and strong gusts of wind; they rarely need to be tied up.The August miracle is included in the category of large-fruited varieties. The main feature of the vegetation is the ability to form berries over almost the entire volume of shoots. Fruiting is extended for 1–1.5 months. The first berries appear in early August.
Berries are conical, large-sized, 7 g each. When ripe, they are painted in a saturated, close to burgundy color. They have a pleasant aroma, sweetness prevails in the taste. Easily separated from the receptacle, do not crumble.
They tolerate transportation well and are kept fresh for a long time.
The culture is resistant to diseases and parasites. It reproduces normally in traditional ways. The average level of fruitfulness from the bush is 4 kg.
Did you know? The first raspberry bushes were discovered in Crete in the 3rd century. BC e.
Semi-spreading, upright plants consist on average of 7–9 branches, 1.6–2 m high. Fertile buds are formed on the growths of the current year along the entire height. Remontant culture.Enters the phase of return of the crop somewhere from August 15th. The period is stretched to the very frosts. In the north-eastern regions of the Urals, the yield of the crop is at the level of 70–90%.
Plants show moderate resistance to diseases and parasites. At high humidity, they can be affected by fungal infections.
The berries weigh 4–11 g. They have a fusiform shape, light red in color. The taste is sweet and sour, the aroma is weakly expressed. The yield from the bush is 3 kg. The variety takes root equally well in the Urals and Siberia.
The bush is sprawling, but very compact, with a maximum height of 1.2 m. Fruitful buds are formed on the growths of the current and last year. Vegetation needs a garter to support during the fruiting period. The culture is highly productive. With proper care, each bush gives 3 kg of raspberries. Fruiting starts in August and lasts until late autumn. The berries are medium-sized, 4 g each, at the time of physical maturity they turn purple.
The taste is dominated by pronounced sweetness, sourness is barely noticeable. The flesh is very juicy, but at the same time the fruits hold their shape well, they tolerate transportation perfectly.
The culture is resistant to heat, but does not tolerate soil drying too well. It shows high resistance to diseases and parasites. Vegetation does not freeze in winter at -24 ° C.
Diamond raspberries have high demands on the quality of lighting. When planting in partial shade and shadow, the ability of plants to form fruits is significantly reduced.
Popular varieties of raspberries for Siberia
The most attractive varieties for cultivation in Siberia are:
- Gift of Siberia;
- Bryansk marvel;
- Indian summer;
- Early sweet;
- Siberian light.
Important! In order to optimize the effectiveness of their work in raspberries, it is better to buy several varieties at once, with different periods of flowering and fruiting. This will make it possible to determine which species will take root better in a particular area, and which ones should not be cultivated at all. In addition, if one of the varieties does not take root, you will not be left completely without a crop.
Gift of Siberia
The vegetation is powerful, tall - from 2.4 to 2.8 m. The bushes are sprawling, they do not form shoots. Recommended cultivation on trellises.Fruit delivery begins in mid-July. Their collection is carried out in 2-3 stages. The fruiting level is high - 4–4.5 kg per plant. The berries are round, small-sized, weighing 2 g. They are painted in a bright cream color with full ripening.
The culture is highly resistant to parasites, diseases, frosts. Suitable for cultivation not only in Siberia, but also in the Urals.
The vegetation is sprawling, 1.5–2 m high. Shoots produce a large number of lateral growths. Fertile buds are localized from the middle of the shoot height to the very top.The first well-ripened berries can be obtained already in the last days of June, the second harvest - from August 10-15. Fruiting ends when frost sets in.
Ruby berries with full ripening, cone-shaped, 6 g in weight. The taste is harmonious, with the same level of acid and sweetness. The aroma is pleasant.
The culture is highly resistant to diseases and parasites. Heat resistance is also at a high level. Regarding frost resistance, it shows an average resistance - in winter with little snow it requires shelter.
The culture does not tolerate heat, the best indicators of productivity are observed in cool areas. For cultivation in the south, the variety is completely not intended.The bushes are compact, slightly spreading, 1–1.5 m high. The shoots are weakly formed - only 10 shoots per 1 m². The berries are bright red, located on the annual and biennial growths. The weight of the fetus is 2.5–3.5 g.
The taste is harmonious, sweet and sour, practically without aroma. The yield is low, only 1 kg from the bush. But this figure can be increased to 3 kg with good care. Fruits are not intended for transport.
Vegetation can be infected with peronosporosis, purple spotting, therefore, special attention should be paid to preventive treatments during cultivation of this variety.
Bushes are tall, about 2.5 m, slightly spreading. They form a large number of shoots and growth substitutions. Of all the crops examined, they are characterized by the highest frost resistance.Fruiting is plentiful. The berries are dark red in color, small in size, their maximum weight is 1.9 g. The taste is sweet, slightly sugary. The berries exude a strong raspberry flavor. The fruiting level is up to 3 kg per bush.
Did you know? Botany qualifies raspberries as multi-shoots. In other words, this is a lot of small fruits that are densely fused together.
The bushes are sprawling, form a lot of lateral growths. The tops of the shoots are drooping. The yield of the crop starts in early August.Berries are large, from 3 to 5.5 g. When ripe, they are painted in raspberry color. The taste is dominated by a pleasant, not sugary sweetness with sourness, the fruits practically do not smell. The fruiting level from the bush is about 4.5 kg.
The culture is poorly resistant to drought. May be affected by purple spotting. Frost tolerates well.
Thanks to the efforts of breeders, the cultivation of raspberry trees became possible not only in the southern regions, but also in the northern ones. For such an area, repairing varieties are best suited, which are able to bear fruit several times a season and tolerate frosts well, even without shelter.