Description and application features of the mushroom govorushka orange
Some mushrooms used in food have very similar analogues, often inedible or even poisonous. The chanterelle recognized as a delicacy, which has a double, is a govorushka orange, which is almost indistinguishable even near. What properties of the false chanterelle, and how it is used in food and medicine, is considered in this article.
Where does orange govorushka mushroom grow and look like?
This lamellar mushroom of the Ryadovkov family grows in mixed and coniferous forests from mid-August to October, both in the thicket and on shady edges. He is very fond of mushrooms, dense thick litter of leaves and needles, as well as the dust of decayed pine. False chanterelle is common in all forests in the temperate zone of Europe and Asia.
Description of talker orange is:
- Hat really like a fox. The upper part of the fungus is initially flat, but in the process of growth it becomes funnel-shaped and can reach a diameter of up to 10 cm. During growth, the edges gradually bend (at this moment the false fox is most similar to its edible cousin). The peel on a hat with a slightly velvety surface has shades of orange (usually brighter than that of a chanterelle).The perimeter is prone to fading and becomes whitish.
- Records hats are frequent and thick. They do not have small plates, but there are many branches. Most often, the plates descend to the leg and turn brown to the place of contact with it. When pressed at the junction with the hat or along the length of the plate, they immediately turn brown. Here lies the main difference between the orange talker and the chanterelle: its plates are real, while the chanterelle's hat is covered with pseudo-plates, surface folds.
- Leg small diameter - up to 1 cm, but stocky and fleshy. The usual length is 4-6 cm, tapers slightly towards the base. The color of the legs is slightly brighter than the cap and is almost identical to the plates. In old talkers, the leg becomes hollow.
- Pulp Thins from the middle of the cap to its edges. In the leg, the young pulp is dense, and the old one is with voids. Color can be different - from pale yellow to dark orange.
- Disputes white, oval, with a smooth surface.
- Smell practically not determined.
- Taste hardly distinguishable, a little unpleasant.
Video: How to distinguish a real fox from a false fox
Edible or not orange talker
This species, in some sources, is conditionally edible, but most modern mycologists agree that it is better not to eat false chanterelles in food. Each organism individually responds to toxins, and there are a large number of edible mushrooms, thanks to which it is not necessary to eat mushrooms with conditional status.
Important! Mycologists and doctors have not yet decided whether the talker is a poisonous or conditionally edible mushroom. Until they make an unambiguous decision, this species is best left alone.
People say: if the talker is inedible, its flesh on the slice will be dry, and for edible talkers the slice will begin to secrete a bitter liquid. However, the reliability of this observation is not confirmed.
The chemical composition of orange talkers includes the following substances:
- B vitamins;
- metals - iron, copper, zinc, potassium, manganese.
Useful properties of the mushroom
Despite the uncertainty regarding the possibility of using govorushki in food, its benefits have long been determined empirically. The mushroom in question is used in folk medicine: good antiseptic qualities allow it to heal wounds, and with proper preparation, you can normalize the digestion process.
If there is a desire to try a talker for food, without waiting for a definite decision by experts about edibility, then experienced mushroom pickers recommend boiling only carefully cleaned young hats in boiling water for 20–25 minutes. Then they can be fried, stewed, cook soup from them. Some mushroom pickers even pickle these mushrooms, previously boiled in salted boiling water.
Important! The gastronomic qualities of the talker are minimal - she has neither taste nor smell. Therefore, the fear of risk of poisoning should still prevail over the desire to eat this species as food.
The medical value of many types of mushrooms is difficult to overestimate.
- The talker is no exception, as it helps in the following cases:
- raises the general tone of the body;
- helps in the prevention of infections;
- normalizes digestion;
- removes toxins;
- lowers blood cholesterol;
- reduces the likelihood of blood clots.
Traditional medicine offers a whole set of drugs based on this fungus - extracts, ointments, decoctions. They help in healing even large wounds. Also, these drugs are used in the treatment of asthma and reduce urinary obstruction.
Possible harm from the fungus
False chanterelle, if improperly processed (insufficiently long cooking, poor cleaning), can cause poisoning. The main symptoms are nausea, general weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, colic, muscle cramps. However, with immediate first aid (gastric lavage, the use of antispasmodic drugs), the victim can quickly be put on his feet.
The talker is orange, with all its beauty, until it has received the status of an edible mushroom, so it is better to leave experiments with health for later. You can simply admire its beautiful view, and then harvest a crop of chanterelles, saffron mushrooms or edible rows.