Polypore sulfur-yellow: description, medical use, contraindications
Tinder fungus sulfur yellow refers to mushrooms useful for human consumption. It is very popular in gastronomy, cooking and medicine. The fruit body of the tinder fungus is characterized by an original taste and has dietary properties. For trees, this species is considered fatal. It parasitizes on plants, taking all useful substances from them.
Polypore sulfur-yellow, photo and description
The appearance of the mushroom is a bit like the influx of red-hot lava, which dries on the trees. The fruit body of the fungus is a conglomerate of pseudo-caps.
Did you know? Prior to the invention of matches, a dried tinder fungus was used as a flammable agent.
That is, on a common basis fan-shaped elements are formed. Young polypants are characterized by smooth edges, which in old individuals become thinner and become wavy. The mushroom umbrella is orange, with a slight pink tint. With age, the shade becomes paler. If you look at the photo, the diameter of the pseudo-caps varies from 15 to 45 cm. The thickness of each formation reaches 2–5 cm. The average weight of the fungus is 5–10 kg.
The fruiting body of the lower part is characterized by a tubular structure. Its thickness does not exceed 5 mm. Young mushrooms have a finely porous structure of the tubular layer. The main color is gray-yellow. Other features of the description include:
- pulp of a light yellow shade. It has a rich aroma and sour flavor;
- pale yellow spores have a smooth surface and elliptical shape;
- the coating of the fruiting body is characterized by a creamy fluff;
- young mushrooms secrete a yellowish liquid that accumulates on their surface.
Other variety names:
- chicken mushroom;
- woody chicken.
The systematics and variability of the fungus
The taxonomy of the variety is as follows:
- Division - Basidiomycetes.
- Division and class - Agaricomycetes.
- Order - Polypore.
- Family - Fomitopsis.
- Genus - Letiporus.
- View - Laetiporus sulphureus.
The variability of the sulfuric yellow tinder is that adult fruiting bodies become paler. Literally 4-5 weeks after ripening, the mushrooms acquire a gray tint.
Where does the sulfuric tinder fungus meet
The fungus tinder fungus sulfur-yellow prefers to grow on the surface of trees, not high from the ground. It can also be found on hardwood stumps: birch, linden, alder, poplar and oak. Often it grows on fruit trees that grow in the garden. Many are interested in the question of where this species occurs. Most often you can see her in the forests of Russia, Ukraine and other European countries. In rare cases, it grows in North America. The development of the fungus is long. The fruiting period is from May to September.
Important! Mushrooms that grow on conifers are considered poisonous. Therefore, they can not be consumed.
You can only eat young tinderies. They are used for frying, pickling or pickling.. First, the mushrooms are washed under running water and soaked in salt water for 1-1.5 hours. After that, they are boiled or stewed for about 40-60. When the tinder is ready, it is used to make sauces or minced meat.
Such dishes are a good addition to meat, fish and buckwheat.. In most European countries, this mushroom variety is used in vegetarian cuisine, because it resembles chicken fillet in taste and texture. If you wish, you can freeze the harvest, and then cook various dishes from it.
- If you use a tincture of sulfur-yellow in large quantities, then a person may manifest symptoms of food poisoning:
Often, other symptoms also appear in children: impaired coordination and visual hallucinations. If you do not want to cause poisoning or allergies, you must correctly collect the tinder fungus. You can not take those that grow on conifers or have a dark shade.
Did you know? The ancient tribes of North America used a tinder fungal to communicate with the souls of the dead. They also called it wood chicken.
Medical use, medicinal properties
- The therapeutic properties of the sulfuric yellow tinder are as follows:
- Improvement of the cardiovascular system.
- Lowering blood glucose, which helps regulate sugar and reduce symptoms of diabetes.
- Help with constipation, t. Has a laxative property.
- Strengthening the immune system.
- Acceleration of tissue regeneration.
- Elimination of symptoms of a peptic ulcer of the digestive system
- Provoking the death of bacteria that contribute to the development of gastritis.
- TB treatment.
The benefits of the product have a positive effect on men's health. The use of tinder fungus helps them get rid of impotence and prostatitis. If women eat mushrooms, then useful enzymes will help reduce the symptoms of menopause.
In medicine, the use of sulfuric yellow tinder is quite common. Since it contains a huge amount of polysaccharides, can reduce the development of cancerous tumors. The presence of glucans helps to neutralize heavy metals. This variety of mushrooms is used as the main ingredient for ointments and tinctures, which are characterized by anti-inflammatory effects. Also, antibiotics are prepared from it.
Traditional medicine recipes
Often, tinder fungus recipes are used to treat lung diseases. This will require 1 tbsp. l mushroom powder (first you need to dry the mushrooms, and then grind in a mortar) and 200 ml of boiled water (temperature from + 30 ° C to + 35 ° C).
The cooking process is as follows:
- Mix water and powder.
- Cook in a water bath for 30 minutes.
- Leave to cool at room temperature.
You need to use the mixture 4 times a day for 1 tbsp. Applied for a week during signs of pneumonia or bronchitis. The shelf life of the mixture is 3-4 days. Store at room temperature.
If you have wounds or ulcers on your skin, then a tincture of mushroom powder will speed up their healing.
The cooking process is as follows:
- Mix 2 parts of powder and 150 ml of alcohol or vodka.
- Pour the mixture into an opaque container and cover.
- Put in a dark place at room temperature for 14 days.
- Strain the infusion.
Apply the prepared medicine to the affected areas of the skin 2-3 times a day. For convenience, you can pour the tincture into a container with a spray. It must be stored in the refrigerator for no more than 7 days
If you suffer from chronic constipation, then decoction of tinder fungus will help to cope with them.
You can cook it as follows:
- Mix 1 tbsp. mushrooms and 500 ml of boiling water.
- Put the ingredients in a pan and bring to a boil.
- Make the fire smaller, after which you need to cook the mixture for 30 minutes.
- Wrap the container with warm things and leave for 2-3 hours.
Important! Take a decoction 4 times a day for 1 tbsp. The course of treatment is 1 week, after which you need to take a break for 3 weeks.
Sulfur yellow tinder is characterized not only by the benefits to the human body, but also can cause severe damage to health. Therefore, you need to know what contraindications to its use.
It is forbidden to use sulfur-yellow panties for pregnant women and during lactation. Mushroom substances can provoke an allergy in a child, as well as reduce the quality of milk. Also, you can not eat mushrooms for children who have not reached the age of 14 years, because problems with the digestive system may appear.
So, now you know what the sulfuric yellow tinder looks like and what its useful properties are.Despite the beautiful appearance, this mushroom group can cause poisoning. To eliminate this, try to pick only young mushrooms that have a pleasant aroma. Do not take in the basket tinderware growing near roads or industrial plants. This is due to the fact that they absorb all the negative substances from the soil and air. If you use them, you can harm your body.