Everyone knows that hazelnuts are tasty and healthy, they contain many nutrients and vitamins that the human body needs for normal functioning. But few people know what this plant is. What does the tree and its fruits look like, read on.
What is hazelnut?
The described culture is most often found in the form of shrubs that grow up to 4 m in height. They are used not only for the purpose of obtaining nuts, but also for decorating the site.
The tree-like varieties of the described plant are capable of reaching growth of up to 10 m. If favorable conditions are created for this culture, then its life cycle can be 100 years, 80 of which, the plant will bear fruit.
Important!Hazelnuts can not be planted in lowlands and on slopes - this can provoke freezing of the plant during frosts, and they also avoid planting in places of high occurrence of groundwater, which erode the soil under the rhizome of the crop, which leads to its decay.
What does hazelnut look like?
Hazelnuts look and taste the same as hazel. Their only difference is size. Hazelnuts are smaller than hazelnuts.
The crown of the tree is sprawling, with many shoots of different orders. Annual branches have a slight pubescence, their color is gray.Perennial shoots are brown, with a red tint. Over time, white blotches appear on them. The leaf plates are small, rounded-oblong in shape, slightly pointed to the top. Their color may be light green or red, depending on the variety.
Male flowers are on the tree throughout the winter, they are presented in the form of catkins. Female inflorescences appear with the advent of spring, they are in the axils of the hiding scales at last year's growths.
Ripening of nuts begins in September, after about the 20th day and lasts until the end of October. The fruit is located between the fused bracts of a leafy green hue. In one fruit, up to 6 nuts can develop.
Important!Hazelnuts are stored in dense, tissue bags in a dark, cool place where there is no high humidity.
The shelled nut has a rounded shape. Its surface may be slightly deformed. At its end there is a sharpening. The color of the core can be beige or light brown. In the context of the nut will be a white hue. There is a cavity inside. Taste - sweetish, not cloying.
Hazelnuts belong to the deciduous plant species. It is a cultivated variety of common hazel.The described plant belongs to the Birch family, which includes only 6 genera. The most famous of them are hazel, alder, birch and hornbeam.
Tasty, aromatic hazelnut fruits are widely used in cooking and cosmetology. Due to the fact that nuts have a hard shell, their shelf life at home reaches 12 months, and when stored in a refrigerator, from 24 to 36 months.