Raw champignons: contraindications, benefits and possible harm of raw consumption
Many people like to eat mushrooms. They are pickled, fried, baked, boiled. Most often in Russian stores there are champignons. And there is an opinion that they can even be eaten raw. You can find information on whether this is true in this article.
Champignons are ubiquitous. In the wild, they grow on lawns, dung or compost heaps. They can be found in groups and individually. It is also one of the most popular crops grown on mushroom farms. The correct or familiar champignon is a white mushroom. But brown varieties such as crimini and porto bello have recently appeared. These are also very good and healthy mushrooms.
Important! To keep fresh mushrooms longer, store them in a refrigerator in a paper bag. This will allow them to “breathe” and prevent mold.
- Hat. With a diameter of 2.5-14 cm. The shape is convex, almost round. It can be expanding, almost flat. The surface is dry, smooth, sometimes with small scales. The tint is white, grayish or brown.
- Records. Not attached to the leg, located close to each other. They can be of various shades from dark brown to almost black.
- Leg. 2–7 cm long. 1–2.5 cm thick. More or less even, with small scales or smooth. A young mushroom may have a ring on its leg that disappears at maturity.
- Pulp. White and dense.
- Smell and taste. Mushroom, pleasant.
Is it possible to eat fresh champignons raw
If you answer the question of whether it is possible to eat raw champignons, then it will be right to recall that there are 2 opposite points of view. Their stumbling block is chitin contained in the integumentary tissues of the fungus. This substance is also found in the shells of lobsters and mollusks. Ninety percent of people cannot digest chitin. Therefore, some experts believe that if you eat mushrooms in raw unprocessed form, then the nutrients cannot be released due to chitin and the product will not benefit.
Important! The substances that make up the fungi are not considered dangerous to the body. But the toxins that they can accumulate from contaminated soil are really dangerous, and therefore only collect them in ecologically clean areas.
Others insist that it is a member of the polysaccharide group. By its biological properties similar to plant fiber. Therefore, indigestible chitin improves intestinal motility, then it is eliminated from the body in the usual way and is harmless. It is also noted that we need chitin when it is necessary to remove toxins from the body, excess fat and eliminate the effects of intoxication.But it will be harmful if a person suffers from dysbiosis, gastritis, pancreatitis or excessive gas formation. Both existing points of view have reasonable arguments and are truthful in their own way. Therefore, you can answer the question of whether to eat raw mushrooms yourself, based on the point of view that is closer to you.
Raw champignons in a salad
There are many ways to make champignons. The main five: boiling, frying, baking, frying and stuffing. Cook in any way, but keep in mind that the maximum amount of nutrients should remain in the final product. Raw mushroom salad will be an excellent side dish for any summer lunch or main course for a lean dinner. He is very helpful. The total salad preparation time is only 10 minutes.
Did you know? Champignons themselves do not contain vitamin D, but if they are irradiated with ultraviolet light or held in the sun for several hours, the amount of this vitamin in them will increase significantly.
- champignons - 450 g;
- celery - 150 g;
- red onion - 1 medium onion;
- hard cheese - 150 g;
- parsley - 20-30 g;
- olive oil - 3 tbsp. spoons;
- lemon juice - 50 ml;
- salt - 1 teaspoon;
- pepper - 1 tsp.
- Mushrooms are washed and chopped.
- Onion and celery are peeled and diced.
- The greens are crushed.
- Cheese is cut into cubes or grated.
- Stack the ingredients in a bowl.
- Beat with salt, oil and lemon juice with a blender. Add pepper to taste.
- Mix the dressing with vegetables. Before serving, store in the refrigerator. This amount of salad is enough for 4 people.
It is known that vitamins are not heat resistant. With heat treatment, mushrooms will lose most of them. And this is an additional argument in favor of eating them raw in salads. Champignons will give the dish freshness and complement it with useful trace elements and vitamins.
Video: raw champignon salad
Can I eat unpeeled mushrooms
Champignons in the supermarket are usually sold reasonably clean. Contamination can be washed off with water, but peeling is not necessary. In addition, they absorb water during washing, as they have a porous surface similar to a sponge. Therefore, in addition to removing dirt, dust, sand, compost, no other cleaning is needed.
Considering the fact that raw brown mushrooms are grown on the farm, the risk of contracting any disease due to their consumption is minimal. They are no more dangerous than other greenhouse vegetables. But if you collect mushrooms in the forest, then pay attention to the cleanliness of the place in which they are found. If mold, traces of decomposition of organics on the site, then just do not collect them in this place.
Unfried champignons, is it possible to eat
The answer to this question follows from the time taken to prepare. So, mushrooms from the store are enough for 12 minutes to fry. Cutting them into pieces, you will reduce the cooking time to 5 minutes.If canned food is used, then 2 minutes are enough for frying. Therefore, they are fried very quickly. Therefore, the question of undercooked mushrooms is simply not relevant. As well as undercooked.
Taste and nutritional value of raw champignons
The taste of raw champignons is usually neutral. It will be created from those flavors of salad dressing or roasting. The composition of mushrooms includes a number of biologically active substances necessary for the body. Champignons are low-calorie and therefore useful to anyone who wants to lose weight. They are 70% composed of easily digestible vegetable protein and this is quite a lot. There is also a high amino acid content. They have little sugar, almost no cholesterol and fat.
Did you know? All representatives of the genus Agaricus are secondary decomposers. This means that other fungi and bacteria must destroy organic debris, wood and branches to the state of compost, and only then mushrooms can settle on it.
The approximate content of vitamins in 100 g:
- nicotinic acid - 0.5 mg;
- pantothenic acid - 6.2 mg;
- folic acid - 0.016 mg;
- B1 (thiamine) - 0.1 mg;
- B12 0.26 mg;
- B2 (riboflavin) - 0.4 mg;
- C - 2 mg.
Champignons are also an excellent source of minerals.
Their content is 100 g:
- iron - 1 mg;
- zinc - 0.2 mg;
- phosphorus - 75 mg;
- sodium - 7 mg;
- potassium - 620 mg.
In mushrooms there is little salt, and the content of dietary fiber is 1 g per 100 g. They have healing properties. The secreted mushroom juice has a bactericidal effect. Fiber cleanses the body, removing salts of heavy metals from it.
- Mushrooms are safe for most people, but there are a number of factors to consider:
- they are able to lower blood sugar. Therefore, it is not recommended to use mushrooms at the same time as diabetic drugs;
- frequent use can cause nausea, diarrhea, and upset stomach;
- some people have experienced allergic reactions;
- there is not enough complete information about whether it is possible to use champignons for pregnant women and during lactation. Therefore, try to consume no more than 100 g per day;
- there is concern that they may contribute to the development of liver diseases. Before eating, consult your doctor.
Benefit and possible harm
Champignons are useful in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, atherosclerosis, hepatitis B, digestive problems such as ulcerative colitis, as well as to reduce side effects caused by cancer chemotherapy. Mushrooms are also useful for the prevention of heart disease, osteoporosis, stomach ulcers.They contain beta-glucan and oligosaccharides, which improve blood glucose levels and reduce the negative effects of insulin problems on the pancreas. Of course, mushrooms do not cure diseases, but they contribute to recovery.
Champignons are good for the body. Using them fresh or in any other way, you provide yourself with nutrients. The main thing is to always use only fresh ones and take into account their possible impact if you have the above pathologies.