Description and features of the use of mushroom smoothies
The harvest season is in full swing, but the search for mushrooms is a delicate matter. In this process, it is important to have knowledge of common poisonous and edible species in order to avoid poisoning. Today, the article will tell about the features of the smoothies (common lactarius): what it looks like and whether it is worth taking it to your basket. You will also learn about the scope of this mushroom.
Where does mushroom grow and what does mushroom look like
Smoothie or Lactarius trivialis common in moist mixed forests or conifers. It is found in Eurasia in large groups. Coexistence with birch, spruce and pine is characteristic of the lactor.
Smoothie usually grows to medium size. His hat can be 5-10 cm in diameter, it is convex in shape, then flattened. The skin is smooth and shiny, pink-gray or purple. Milky juice is whitish, caustic, in the air takes on a green hue.
Did you know? Mushrooms appeared on Earth long before the dinosaurs, more than 400 million years ago. Unlike ancient animals, they evolved and constantly mutated.
The pulp is brittle and crispy with a fruity aroma. Leg diameter Lactarius trivialis reaches 2-3 cm, height - up to 7 cm, cylindrical shape, light color. The fungus is distinguished by the yellow color of the spore powder.
Edible or not
The common miller Mycologists classify as conditionally edible. The meaty smoothies are quite suitable for eating. However, its preparation has a number of nuances. In order to feast on the lactarius, you have to additionally process it.
90% smoothies consist of water, which evaporates during cooking. The composition of the lactator also includes proteins that concentrate in hats. The presence of the most important amino acids was discovered: leucine, tyrosine, histidine, arginine.
Did you know? A mushroom hat during growth can break through marble and granite. If it fails to pass through the minerals, then the micelles will overcome the barriers.
The composition of the fungus includes vitamins of groups B, PP, D, in small quantities - A and C. The concentration of phosphorus and potassium is high in smooth water. Copper, zinc and manganese are found.
The miller, like any mushroom, contains chitin. This substance is difficult to absorb by the human body, therefore, it is not recommended to abuse large portions of smoothies.
Aromatic substances enhance the taste of the fungus, and pigments determine its color.
Useful properties of the mushroom
Smoothie will help replenish the supply of trace elements in the human body: phosphorus, iodine, potassium, sodium, etc. If you suffer from a lack of vitamins, then an ordinary milkman will save you from a condition of vitamin deficiency. In addition, it will not badly satisfy hunger due to the presence of proteins.
Because of these substances, mushrooms can be compared with meat dishes, and because of the high content of fiber, essential oils and fatty acids, with plant foods. The enormous benefits of lactation for the human body are proven by science, since the substances in its composition replenish the supply of energy, relieve weakness, nervous exhaustion, increase appetite, normalize the main metabolism.
The common miller is usually pickled. In a salty form, smoothies have a pleasant sour taste, which distinguishes it in comparison with other mushrooms. After salting, the color changes - it becomes bright yellow.
Usually, cooking is done according to three recipes:
- hot salting;
- cold salting.
Before proceeding to the marinating procedure, it is required to carry out the initial treatment of the lactic.
The fungus is cleaned of dirt, remove rot and damage. Then it should be soaked smoothies.The process lasts a day, while the water changes more than once (about 6 times). After this procedure, the lactarius vulgaris can be further processed.
Important! The ordinary miller is not suitable for eating raw. The poisonous juice of the fungus causes an upset gastrointestinal tract.
For pickling mushrooms weighing 2 kg will require about a liter of water and 20 g of salt. For marinade need: 120 ml of vinegar, 2 tsp. salt, 1 tsp sugar and spices. As spices, it is nice to use 2 leaves of laurel, 2 pcs. cloves and 3 peas of allspice.
Preparation includes the following processes:
- Boil the mushrooms with salt for about 40 minutes.
- The milks should be rinsed under a cold stream.
- Make a marinade (add vinegar, salt, spices, sugar and boil in new water), put the lactarias at the end. Cook the mixture for 15 minutes.
- Finished mushrooms to determine in a clean container, pour plenty of marinade and place in the refrigerator.
If you want to add a more piquant taste to a smoothie, then the second method of cooking is suitable for you - hot. Pickling This method requires more components than conventional pickling.
You will need: 500 ml of water, 2 tbsp. salt, 6 cloves of garlic, 2 bay leaves, 3 dill umbrellas, 3 currants, 5 peas of allspice, 6 tbsp. olive or sunflower oil, salt (added to taste).
The hot salting procedure consists of:
- From boiling lactaci in salt water with laurel and pepper.
- Separate the marinade from the smoothies and put them in jars with the addition of garlic, dill and currant leaves.
- Pouring brine into a container with mushrooms so that their liquid completely covers.
- Adds vegetable oil and seals lids.
After the processes have been completed, it is recommended to store the milkers in a dark, dry place at a temperature not exceeding + 25 ° С.
And finally the third way to cook smoothies is cold salting. This simple method allows you to process 1 kg of mushrooms using 3 tbsp. salt, 3 sheets of laurel, 3 pcs. horseradish, 3 cloves of garlic, 3 buds of cloves, 6 peas of allspice.
- Spread the mushrooms in a pan with a thin layer of salt at the bottom. Hats smoothies directed down.
- Spices (laurel, horseradish, cloves, peppers, chopped garlic) are added to the mushrooms.
- Then they again lay out the salt, then again the milkers, spices and so on, until the smoothies are over.
- They put oppression on the smoothies and cover them with cloth, leave them in a dark place for a month. After this time, the dish can be tasted.
Role in medicine
Some types of milkers are used for the manufacture of various drugs. For example, from Lactarius sanguifluus an antibiotic, lactarioviolin, used in the treatment of tuberculosis, was isolated.
But gladysh has not yet found wide application in folk and traditional medicine. Perhaps due to the high content of vitamins and minerals, it will someday attract more attention from scientists.
Possible harm from the fungus
Smoothie, although one of the most delicious and nutritious specimens, it can cause significant harm to the body. It is not advisable to use a delicious product for diseases of the liver, kidneys, biliary tract, pancreatitis, and ulcers.
In addition, due to the high content of purine bases, it is forbidden to eat an ordinary milkman with gout. If you are a supporter of dietary nutrition, then mushrooms are also contraindicated, since they contain a lot of nitrogen-containing substances and coarse dietary fiber.
Important! It is strictly forbidden to eat gladysh to children under seven years of age, pregnant and lactating women. People with gastrointestinal diseases and allergic reactions should consult with doctors.
Very often, mushroom pickers confuse and take poisonous species into a basket. The appearance of smoothies is similar to white earrings and white milk lakes, which are also conditionally edible. Therefore, if you confuse Lactarius trivialis with another fungus, it is unlikely to be poisoned.
Acquainted with the smoothie, now you can confidently collect it in baskets and cook delicious dishes according to simple recipes. The ordinary miller will not only replenish the mineral reserves in the body, but will also give pleasure to eat. Do not give up this magnificent storehouse of vitamins, take onions and go in search of mushrooms. Perhaps you are lucky enough to find and try Lactarius trivialis.