How to cook champignons
Mushrooms are harvested in the forest, and also sold in any supermarket. This mushroom is not only tasty, it contains many trace elements useful for the human body. For vegetarians, champignon is an indispensable product, nutritionally equivalent to meat. In its raw form, it is not consumed, so it is important to know how to cook it correctly.
The preparation process involves several stages. Mushrooms must first be washed well. Mushrooms collected in the forest must be cleaned with a knife, and those purchased in the store do not need to be cleaned, it is enough to rinse under running water, while rubbing with a sponge.
Important! Champignons can not be soaked for a long time in water, otherwise they will lose their taste.
How much to cook mushrooms
Before eating, they must be subjected to heat treatment. Therefore, you need to know how to cook and how much time you have to spend on it. It all depends on whether they are fresh or frozen, and what you are going to do next. You need to cook for 5-6 minutes, if you cut them into pieces.
Cooking whole mushrooms takes longer and takes 10-15 minutes. Readiness is determined in a simple way, if they sank to the bottom of the pan, it means they were cooked.Every minute of cooking also plays a role. If they are digested, they will become soft and tasteless, undercooked mushrooms will quickly turn sour.
Champignon has an exquisite taste regardless of whether it is fried, pickled or baked. This mushroom is suitable as a side dish for meat dishes, it is eaten with vegetables and as an independent dish. It is recommended to boil forest mushrooms before frying, as they absorb harmful substances and can be poisonous. Therefore, they must be boiled to remove toxins. Purchased at the supermarket, grown artificially.
Therefore, there are no substances harmful to humans, therefore, before frying, you can not boil. In general, frying champignons does not provide for preliminary heat treatment. The main thing when buying is to make sure that the offered product is fresh. Boiled is added to the dish only if the recipe requires it. If during cooking it is necessary to preserve the volume of the product, they are also pre-boiled.
Frozen champignons also deteriorate when stored improperly. The temperature regime of the freezer should be maintained within -18 ° C. If they began to get dark and spots appeared on them, then freezing was carried out in violation of the rules. To keep the mushrooms longer, exclusively fresh product should be frozen.
Before preparing frozen champignons, they must first be thawed and rinsed well under a stream of cold water. First, boil the water in the pan, and then pour the thawed and washed mushrooms into it. Cooking frozen champignons takes about 7-10 minutes. The water in which the mushrooms are boiled should be salted.
Various salads are often prepared with mushrooms. The preparation of mushrooms for salad consists of several stages:
- They are washed thoroughly so that there is no dirt left. If the leg cannot be washed, its edge must be cut with a knife.
- Take a pot of cold water, put on fire and bring to a boil. Pre-added salt, allspice, bay leaf, a pinch of citric acid (it will not let them darken).
- When the water boils, they throw champignons into it, then reduce the heat and after 7 minutes they are ready.
- After they are welded, before they cool, the liquid is drained using a colander.
- Next, let them cool, then cut into slices of the desired size and add to the salad.
Mushrooms prepared for salad can be stored for some time by folding them in a jar and bay with the marinade in which they were cooked. When using, it is enough to drain the marinade, it is not necessary to rinse the mushrooms.
Important! Cooking time is relevant for purchased mushrooms, forest can be cooked in 1.5–2 times longer.
Any housewife can cook home-made mushroom soup with champignons. The main components of this dish are potatoes and mushrooms.
Ingredients needed for cooking:
- water: 1.5 l;
- fresh champignons: 5-6 pieces;
- potatoes: 2 pieces;
- carrot: 1 piece;
- onion: 1 piece;
- sunflower oil: 2 tablespoons;
- greens (parsley, dill): to taste;
- salt: to taste.
Method of cooking step by step:
- Chop the onions finely and chop the carrots into strips.
- Fry vegetables in a saucepan in vegetable oil.
- Cut mushrooms coarsely, add to vegetables and fry for 3 minutes.
- Peel raw potatoes, cut into cubes, and add to the pan with mushrooms and vegetables.
- Pour boiling water into a saucepan with vegetables and cook until tender.
- At the end, add salt to taste, add finely chopped greens.
The dish is ready, it can be served on the table. If you want the soup to be transparent, do not allow strong boiling of the liquid during cooking. Do not keep the dish on the fire for a long time, otherwise the potatoes will boil and become mashed. If you do not plan to cook the soup right away, the mushrooms can be boiled and frozen, and then used. Boiled, frozen product can be stored in the freezer for a long time.
Did you know? The mushroom got its name from the French, who were the first to try and appreciate its taste. It was champignons that were the first to grow in artificial conditions, so they are available all year round.
This mushroom tastes good and goes well with any products from your refrigerator. In the people it is also called "pechoritsa". Once in the forest areas, against the background of other mushrooms, it was not collected, considering it “dung”, since it grew mainly on horse manure. But now everyone appreciates its taste.