Mushroom goat: description, edibility, how to recognize where it grows
Kozlyak (prison) is not popular among fans of mushrooms. This is due to the fact that the fruits are often wormy. Despite this, they have a number of positive properties, and every year interest in kids is growing. Read more about this variation in the article.
The fungus in question belongs to the Maslenkov family. How to distinguish it, where to find it, and whether the mushroom is edible - more on that later.
What does it look like?
The appearance of the goat has a number of expressive characteristics that are inherent only to some species of these living organisms.
Did you know? Mushrooms — unusual representatives of the living world. Scientists could not attribute them to plants or animals, so they are a separate kingdom of nature.
The bottom of the cap also indicates the age of the goat. In a young specimen it is yellow, red or brown in color, while in an old one it becomes brownish. The length of the leg is from 4 to 10 cm, the thickness reaches 2 cm. The leg has a dense structure and a cylindrical shape, which tapers closer to the bottom. Coloring it a couple of tones is lighter than the hat, while at the base of the leg is yellow. The surface is smooth and matte.
Video: Mushroom Goat
Where is it growing?
These mushrooms grow more often in coniferous forests, usually pine. They prefer to live on acidic and nutritious soils. Sometimes they can be found on sphagnum bogs or on the side of roads. Together with pine form mycorrhiza. Often the kids can be seen next to the pink wet.
These mushrooms are not uncommon in temperate climates. They are widespread in Europe and in many regions of Russia. Fruits in late summer and early fall.
Important! The goat has the ability to absorb radiation. It is not recommended to collect its fruits in industrial areas.
Edible or not?
Kozlyak is considered an edible species of mushrooms, although it does not belong to a high-quality food product. Before use, it must be boiled for at least 15 minutes. As a rule, prisoners are eaten in a salty and pickled form. Often dry powder is made from it, which is used as a seasoning. These mushrooms taste like butter. Many may not even notice the difference.
Varieties and doubles
Varieties of goat does not exist. The closest relative of this fungus is the oiler. A similar species can be called pepper mushroom. Its fruits are inedible, but sometimes they are used as seasoning. Outwardly, it looks like a goat, but its size is slightly smaller, and the flesh turns red at the cut of the leg. Fruiting occurs later than in the lattice - from September to October.
The grate is very similar in taste and appearance to butter. It is good that both species are not dangerous and suitable for consumption. Experienced connoisseurs of mushroom food can easily distinguish them.
- Distinctive features of oil:
- more pronounced aroma;
- the color of the cap can be dark brown, olive with a gray tint and yellow-brown;
- the nipple has a more regular cap shape;
- pores are small and round;
- the peel is removed more easily than a goat.
You can plant the mycelium of this type of mushroom all year round. People who have experience growing a goat at home recommend planting from September to April. You need to do this in boxes with a substrate. In May, mycelium is planted in the ground. Landing can also be done immediately on an open area. It is better to choose a place where the pine grows.If you want to get the maximum number of fruits, do not forget to water the mushrooms. Moisten the seat 3 times a week with 1 bucket of water.
- Prepare a substrate that consists of soil and wet sawdust of conifers.
- Dig holes about 10 cm deep. The optimal diameter is 20 cm.
- Pit up to half the substrate.
- Put the mycelium into the pits.
- It is good to fill the seat with a substrate and tamp.
- Pour abundantly a bucket of water with lime (50 g per 10 liters of water).
Did you know? In some eastern countries, Muslims do not eat mushrooms. This is a great sin for them, and such a ban is recorded in the Qur'an.
Despite the fact that the product has a fourth category of nutritional value, its chemical composition is diverse and rich in nutrients:
- amino acids;
- B vitamins
The product is low-calorie - 100 g of goat contains 20 kcal. Fruits have a lot of carbohydrates and few proteins. The percentage of fat in the pulp is low - up to 3%.
- The fruits are unique, as they have antibacterial properties. Due to this, they can have the following actions:
- wound healing;
- normalization of the digestive system;
- increase immunity;
- diuretic effect;
In cooking, this type of mushroom began to be used recently. Until the 21st century the goat was collected in order to feed cattle. Today many fruits are prepared from fruits. For this, it is recommended to use young mushrooms, as old ones become "rubber".They are often pickled, salted. The grill can also be fried. In this form, mushrooms are added to salads. The dried goats are especially popular, which can be grinded and made into a good seasoning for meat dishes from the resulting powder.Fiber mushrooms contain an element of chitin. It is poorly absorbed by the body, and people with intestinal and stomach problems are not recommended to use the goat.
The goat is rarely used in folk medicine. According to traditional healers, the goat effectively helps with polyarthritis. Doctors are skeptical about this. Eating mushrooms in the Maslenkov family can cure a headache. The therapeutic effect is associated with the presence in the fruits of resinous substances that fight the disease.
Possible harm from the fungus
Goat is a non-dangerous mushroom. The main thing is not to confuse it with inedible, false and poisonous doubles. It is not necessary to collect overgrown fruits, their use can cause poisoning.There are contraindications to the use of the product:
- digestion problems;
- children under the age of 3 years.
Many people enjoy picking mushrooms. If you meet kids, you should not avoid them. When cooked, they have an interesting taste and appearance. Dish from the grate will be useful, low-calorie and nutritious.