How and when to collect hazelnuts in Russian regions
Hazelnuts - the fruit of forest hazel, which can be grown at home. When breeding a crop, it is important to know when the fruits are ripe. Read about when hazelnuts ripen and when nuts are picked in different regions, read on.
When a hazelnut matures
Hazelnuts ripening from August to October. The maturity of nuts is determined by color - the crop is harvested when they acquire a brown color. You can also take green fruits - they are also edible, but not stored for long. The exact time of collection depends on the variety and the region of cultivation.
Important! Shelf life of green nuts - up to a month.
Hazel in Russia is growing in the European part:
- in the south (in the Rostov region, Krasnodar region, in the Caucasus);
- in the middle lane (in Moscow and the Moscow region, in particular, in the Krasnogorsk district, the Tambov region and other regions).
It is believed that due to differences in climatic conditions in these regions, nuts are harvested at different times, but the variety affects the harvesting time to a greater extent.
By maturity, hazelnuts are divided into:
- early (second half of August);
- medium (end of August - first half of September);
- late (end of September - beginning of October).
Therefore, the time for ripening nuts depends on the type of variety. Both in the south and in the middle zone, hazel trees of the same ripening period will sing at the same time.At the same time, varieties of culture are regionalized by region, and the same variety in different areas can keep up at different times.
Did you know? In ancient Greece, hazelnuts were considered a symbol of immortality.
The table below shows the ripening dates of varieties zoned in different regions.
|Ripening period||Middle lane||Southern areas|
The most common type of variety is mid-season. Most of the cultivated hazelnuts ripen in late August - the first half of September.
Some varieties change the timing of ripening in other regions. So, the view of Catherine in the south, zoned in the middle lane, sings in the late stages. The late variety Moscow Ruby in the southern regions ripens as soon as possible.
How to collect nuts
The walnut crop is harvested using a wide piece of cloth or film. The material is spread under the bush. Hazel shake so that the fruits fall from the branches. The collected nuts are wrapped in a film or cloth, which was lying under a bush, and transferred to the room.
Did you know? In the city of Trabzon in Turkey, there is the Hazelnut Institute.
After assembly, nuts can be stored:
- in shell;
- without shell.
Fruit should be cleaned and dried immediately after harvesting.
Inshell fruits are stored without processing. If you decide to remove the shell, the nuts must be dried. Drying is carried out by one of the following methods.
|Drying method||Step-by-step instruction|
|In the pan|
|In the oven|
|In an electric dryer|
|In a natural way|
When growing hazel bushes, the main thing is to consider the variety. However, the region is important, because residents of the environs of Krasnodar and the Moscow region will be able to collect fruits at different times. Keep the above information in mind and you will never have problems collecting hazelnuts.