Photo and description Japanese Spirea Neon Flash
Japanese Spirea is a species of shrubs with a large variety of varieties, regularly updated with new products. One of them is spiraea Neon Flash (neon flash) - a beautiful bush, which is often used by landscape designers to create floral compositions. The culture is characterized by unpretentiousness and endurance, which gives it an additional advantage over other types of decorative plantings.
Japanese Spirea Neon Flash - a decorative deciduous bush belonging, according to scientific description, to the Pink family. It got its beautiful name due to the excellent flowering of bunches of buds, purple-red. The bushes of this type of spirea are compact, their maximum height reaches 90 cm.
The diameter of the crown also varies between 80–90 cm. The branches are slightly curved and spread, the young ones are light green in color, and with age they acquire a red-brown hue. Due to almost the same parameters of height and width, as well as the sprawl of the shoots, the bush has a slightly rounded shape.
The leaves of the plant also have a special decorative effect. In the spring they are light red, then they acquire a dark green color, and in the fall they are full of rich dark burgundy color. The leaf plates are elongated, with small notches along the edges. Culture blooms twice a year. The first beauty of flowering can be observed already in late spring, when many bright buds bloom on the bush. Flowering continues until the end of June.
Did you know? For the first time, a Japanese spirea was noticed and described in his works by the Swedish natural scientist Karl Linney in 1781, but the plant was introduced into the culture only after almost a century — in the year 1870.
Japanese Neon Flash Spiraea is a great option for creating a vibrant landscape design. The bushes are of aesthetic value not only during flowering: in spring and autumn their foliage has a slightly reddish tint, which looks quite unusual and, at the same time, harmoniously, against the background of other floral groups. Saturated shades of red are really similar to flashes in sunny meadows, which prefer spirea.Bushes are successfully used for both single planting and group planting: curbs, hedges, flower beds are formed from plants, decorate ponds with them.
Shrubs beautifully combine with lavender, barberries, other varieties of spireas, and also look great in the neighborhood with low coniferous trees. If you engage in periodic pruning of shrubs, you can give it the shape of a neat ball, which with the onset of summer will be covered with colorful dark pink flowers.
Did you know? All spirea are sources of medicinal raw materials - leafy shoots and roots are used to make infusions with antipyretic and anti-febrile effects.
Low spirea bushes are a spectacular element of rocky gardens and rock gardens. This is because such landscape objects are filled, as a rule, with stunted plants, which, moreover, due to their external data, will smooth out the severity of the stone.Keep in mind the fact that in most cases, plants blooming in spring are found on alpine hills, and spiraea Neon Flash will help prolong the beauty of the landscape with its flowering in the summer. If you plant spirea in a flowerbed, think about what effect you want to achieve and choose the right color neighbors. For example, if you place nearby plants whose buds have a similar shade, you can visually expand the site. But the neighborhood of spirea Neon Flash with orange and purple flowers will give the flowerbed an extravagant character, which will certainly attract attention. By the way, all spirea carry not only beauty, but also great benefits for the garden - they attract beneficial insects, which reduces the number of pests.
Reproduction and planting
You can propagate Neon Flash spiraea in different ways.. The seed method is considered the most unacceptable, since it is almost impossible to obtain a culture identical to the desired from seeds from hybrid varieties. The next generation will not take all the signs from the mother plant. Seed propagation is practiced only in the case of genuine varieties.
If you decide to try, start planting the seeds in the spring in a small container (boxes, pots). The earth must first be moistened. Sprinkle the planting on top with peat, which will serve as a mulch. After 1.5–2 weeks, the first shoots will appear. Planting should be regularly moistened so that the earth does not dry out. After 3 months, the seedlings can be transplanted into the open ground.
To propagate a spiraea of a certain variety, you can resort to such more reliable methods as:
- Bush division. The procedure is carried out in the fall, a couple of months before the onset of frost. The best option is the beginning of October. An adult overgrown bush needs to be carefully dug up and divided into separate fragments so that each of them has a rhizome and several aboveground stems. Each received bush is planted in a separate hole.
- Cuttings. Material should be prepared no earlier than mid-July. You need to select 1-2 straight shoots and cut them into cuttings about 10-15 cm long. They are placed in a mixture made of peat and river sand, taken in equal proportions. This method requires constant high humidity of air and soil. If you are not ready for the fact that you have to water and spray the planting several times daily, it is better to build a greenhouse. In late autumn, already rooted cuttings need to be covered with spruce branches, and in spring they can be transplanted to a new permanent site.
- Reproduction by layering. The process should begin in early spring. You need to be in time before the start of sap flow and budding. Several healthy lower shoots are taken from the sides of the shrub, they are tilted horizontally to the ground and fixed in several places (you can use staples, wire or just sprinkle with soil). Depths are regularly watered. By the end of summer, small independent bushes will appear here, which can be cut off from the mother plant and transplanted.
Having figured out how to propagate Neon Flash spirea, you can go to the rules for planting seedlings. First of all, you need to prepare landing pits. PicSince the plant loves the sun's rays very much and does not tolerate the shadow, select a well-lit place for it.
Important! Japanese Spirea safely grows and blooms about 15–20 years, then shrubs need to be removed and planted new, young.
It is necessary to form planting pits 2-3 days before planting seedlings so that the hole has time to ventilate, but it is better to plant bushes in cloudy or rainy weather. Keep in mind that with age, the rhizome of spirea grows very much, so if you are going to plant several bushes, you need to retreat between them at least half a meter. The size of the pits should be twice as large as the root system of the bushes. Width with a radius of about 40 cm and a depth of up to 50 cm.
At the bottom of the dug pit, a drainage layer of chipped brick, crushed stone should be laid, which will prevent moisture stagnation in especially rainy periods. Further, it does not hurt to make the soil more heterogeneous. Mix garden soil with river sand and peat in a 2: 1: 1 ratio. Fill a third of the pit with prepared soil mixture, place a seedling. Make sure that the root neck is flush with the ground and, if necessary, increase the amount of soil at the bottom of the pit. Sprinkle the mixture with soil and lightly tamp. Now the planting needs to be abundantly watered - 8-10 liters are spent on each bush. Do not forget to lay a layer of peat mulch so that moisture persists for a long period.
Japanese Spirea Neon Flash is hardly a finicky plant. The plant can easily tolerate natural disasters, so it is not uncommon to find it in city parks and squares, where, of course, he will not see scrupulous care. Nevertheless, if you want the shrub to stand out in your area with special decorativeness, you need to take care of it.
Important! Fertilizers must be applied to the soil, clearly following the instructions. An overdose can lead to a burn of the root system.
In particular, pay attention to the following nuances:
- Watering. The main task of the gardener is to prevent waterlogging of the soil. Japanese spirea should be watered moderately, given the amount of natural rainfall. If the autumn after planting turned out to be rainy, there will be more than enough moisture in the soil. Artificially watering the plants is not necessary. In dry weather, young seedlings are watered 2 times a week, spending 5-7 liters at a time per 1 bush. Further, adult specimens are watered 2 times a month in dry weather, delivering 15 liters of water.
- Top dressing. Shrubs should be fertilized twice a year. The first time is in early spring, immediately after pruning. Under each bush make a complex mineral fertilizer, following the instructions attached to it. As an option, you can take a dry top dressing "Decorative shrubs" or "Lux Flowers". The second time the spirea is fertilized after flowering with organics. For example, you can use mullein diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 6. 10 g of superphosphate can be added to a bucket of mortar for 1 m².
- Pruning. Throughout the season, the bushes should be monitored by removing dried, stricken and weak stems. In addition, they carry out two mandatory trimming in spring and autumn. In March, as a rule, branches that survived frosts are usually removed from the bushes, and the rest of the shoots are shortened to the first upper powerful bud. Autumn is the period when the decorative “haircut” of shrubs is carried out. You can give spiraea any desired appearance: a bush that grows alone, you can cut it in the shape of a ball, give a rectangular shape to a hedge, etc. Once every 5 years, anti-aging pruning is performed when all branches are cut to a height of 30 cm above the ground.
- Preparing for the winter. Spirea Neon flash is a winter-hardy plant, but it can also suffer if winter is not snowy. If there is too much rainfall in winter, the bushes are also at risk of being damaged, broken due to snow blockages. It follows that caring gardeners should shelter spirea in preparation for frost. First you need to mulch the soil by insulating it with peat or garden soil. Then you can use one of several ways to build a shelter. The first is to tie the branches of a shrub or bend them to the ground, and then cover with protective material (burlap, spanbond). The second is to wrap the bushes with a plastic net, fixing it well, and then cover the landing.
Pests and diseases
Spirea has few pests, but they can also cause significant damage to the plant and even cause its death.Gardeners always need to inspect the shrubs more often, follow the rules of agricultural technology, do not allow the bushes to thicken very much, and the roots remain in waterlogged soil. If you notice that the bush is becoming unattractive, try to determine the cause and immediately eliminate it.
The greatest harm to the plant is caused by such insects as:
- spider mite - affects all parts of the plant. As a result, the appearance of cobwebs, holes in leaf platinum and inflorescences can be observed. The bush quickly withers and fades. Effectively help get rid of the pest insecticides "Green Belta", "Phosphamide";
- pink miner - parasitizes on spiraea at the end of June, and at the beginning of July it sinks into the ground. The insect punctures the top plate of the leaf and feeds on the juice. Leaves quickly fade and fall. If you look at the sheet plate, you will notice typical traces in it in the form of white-gray tracks. You can get rid of the pest with the help of the pyrethrum insecticide;
- aphid - Active attacks inflorescences, depriving them of juice. As a result, the likelihood of seeing lush flowering shrubs is significantly reduced. To begin with, you can try ash-soap spraying: dilute 300 g of ash in a bucket of water, boil for 30 minutes, add 100 g of grated laundry soap, mix, cool, strain. If this tool does not help, carry out the treatment with Aktoverm;
- rose leaflet - attacks most of the foliage of the plant at the end of May. On leaves folded with a “tube”, gnawed sections are noticeably visible. You can overcome the insect with the help of Atom and Ditox preparations.
As a preventative measure, it is advisable to carry out regular spraying. In spring, before buds open, you can treat the shrubs with Profilactin, before flowering with Fufanon, and in autumn with Actellic. Each of the drugs has an effective resistance to pests. It is recommended to use different means in order not to cause addiction.
Of the diseases, the greatest threat is gray mold and spotting. The cause of both diseases is a fungal infection, especially manifested in wet weather. It is necessary to deal with ailments with the help of fungicides, such as Fundazol, Fitosporin-M, Bordeaux liquid.
Japanese Spirea Neon Flash can become the main "hero" of landscape design, but only if you help her in this, observing the rules of care. Watch the bushes, feed them in time, water, form a crown and then the plants will delight the garden with their presence for a very long time.