Description of Spirea Sparkling Champagne
Spirea Sparkling Champagne can be a great decoration for any garden. It is unpretentious in leaving, perfectly tolerates cold, therefore it is suitable for cultivation in various climatic zones. Before planting such a plant, you should consider its botanical description in more detail, as well as study the basic rules of agricultural technology.
The variety was bred by English breeder Peter Moore. The species is a perennial deciduous shrub. Its height can vary between 80–100 cm, and the diameter of the crown is 100–150 cm. The rhizome of the fibrous type is quite powerful. Shoots erect, sandy brown.
The plant is highly decorative in all phases of the growing season, for which it is highly appreciated by gardeners and landscape designers. The leaves are ovoid, with serrated edges. In the spring, immediately after the kidneys open, it is painted in red-pink color, closer to summer it acquires a light green color, and in the autumn it is full of yellow and red colors.
Did you know? In pharmacology, spirea is used to produce aspirin.
The considered variety of spirea is actively used in landscape design:
- Spirea border - This variety is relatively small in height, so it is great for decorating paths in the garden. You can use one view or combine several different ones. Very good Champagne will be in harmony with the Nippon and gray varieties.
- Rockery - This type of spirea will look great in a composition with stones of various textures. In addition, you can plant nearby slime onions. This variety of decorative onions blooms late, around August, and saves lush greens until the frost. From stones it is better to prefer granite, slate, sandstone, limestone.
- Rock garden - this composition involves a combination of alpine plants on a background of rocky cover. Spiraea of the species in question can be combined with conifers, Scottish moss, swamp broom. From the stones you can take the same as for the rockery.
- Solo - This view will look good even when planted alone next to a playground, gazebo or bench.
- Hedge - the bushes planted very densely will help to divide the territory into zones or to shade its functional sections.
How to plant
For planting, it is better to take one-year-old seedlings, with a height of the ground part up to 30 cm. This plant will look more attractive in a well-lit area. It can tolerate light partial shade, but not strong shading. If this condition is not met, the decorative qualities of plants are significantly reduced.
Important! Spirea Champagne is a good honey plant, so planting is beneficial to lay next to the apiary.
After about a week, the soil is again dug up, but now to a depth of 15 cm, after having previously been applied to each 1 m² by:
- 10 kg of sand;
- 10 kg of manure;
- 10 kg of peat.
The day before planting, all seedlings are subjected to a thorough inspection for damage, the presence of diaper rash, dried roots. Broken branches, dry roots are removed. Then immerse the rhizome for 12 hours in a solution of "Kornevin" (1 tsp.substances per 1 liter of water).The landing pit is prepared 2 days before planting. Its volume should be 3 times larger than the rhizome of a seedling. A layer of 15 cm expanded clay, crushed stone or broken brick is laid at the bottom, then a layer of soil mixed with compost in a 1: 1 ratio.
- Set the seedling in a hole vertically.
- Spread the roots around the perimeter of the recess.
- Fill the hole with soil.
- Seal the trunk circle.
- Pour 20 liters of water into the hole.
- After absorbing the liquid, mulch the trunk circle with sawdust or straw (layer height - 10 cm).
Care and trimming
In the first 2 years after planting, plants need more abundant watering. Commit it 3 times a month. For each plant spend 15 liters of water. Pour it under the root. After 2 years, you can reduce the intensity of humidification to 1-2 times a month, depending on weather conditions. If it is very hot and the earth dries quickly, it is better to return to the watering regime 3 times a month.
Did you know? In Russia, spirea branches were used as whips and ramrods.
3 times a season should be fed. The first time to fertilize plants should be 2 years after planting. Up to this point, the bushes will have enough nutrition, laid down initially. In the spring, spirea needs nitrogen supplements.
Urea can be used. It is applied at the rate of 5-10 g per 1 m² of the trunk circle. Close up in moist soil to a depth of 5 cm or diluted in water for irrigation. Instead of urea, you can use liquid mullein. It is bred with water in a proportion of 1:10. Chicken droppings (300 g per 10 liters of water) are also suitable.
In July, wood ash is used as a fertilizer. For each plant, 300 g of ash is consumed. It is bred in water for irrigation. In the fall, after falling of foliage, superphosphate is used - 40 g per 1 m² of the trunk circle. The substance is dissolved in water for irrigation or embedded at a depth of 5 cm in the soil.
To create low ornamental plantings in the spring before bud swelling in the first year after planting, all shoots are shortened to 20 cm. In the future, the same manipulations are carried out annually. If you want the bushes to be taller, then in the first year after planting, the shoots shorten up to 5 strong buds. In the future, trimming supporting the shape of the crown is carried out, suggesting that the branches are shortened to the height necessary for the gardener. All these manipulations are carried out in the spring.
Sanitary pruning, involving the removal of mechanically damaged, diseases, pests or frostbitten growths, can be carried out at any time of the season. As some inflorescences die off and new ones appear, the first should be removed. This will extend the flowering process. Anti-aging pruning is done every 7 years. It involves the removal under the root of branches that do not release flowers.
Important! After shortening or complete removal of the branches, all sections must be dusted with wood ash, and then covered with garden varieties. Otherwise, infection can be introduced through the wound surface, which will lead to drying out of the vegetation.
Winter hardiness and disease
The vegetation is characterized by high winter hardiness: tolerates frosts within -29 ...- 34 ° C in the presence of high-quality shelter. In the southern regions, additional winterization of the bushes for the winter is not required. Vegetation begins to prepare for winter 2 weeks before a cold snap. At this stage, carefully loosen the soil in the near-stem circle.
Then mulch it with compost to a height of 15 cm. The bushes themselves are covered with lutrasil or spanbond. Fasten the material to the soil using metal staples. Such manipulation in the middle zone of the Russian Federation should be carried out for 5 years after planting the vegetation. Then the bushes freely survive the winter even without shelter.The main thing: thoroughly warm the root system with a high layer of mulch.The considered plant species are extremely rarely damaged by diseases and pests, for which, in fact, they are very popular among gardeners. In hot weather, aphids, caterpillars or spider mites can settle on shoots and foliage. To eliminate pests, dusting is carried out with tobacco dust on a leaf and soil or spraying bushes with 1% solution of copper sulfate.
Japanese Spirea Sparkling Champagne will help to accent the flower beds or create a beautiful hedge. The plant is highly decorative at all stages of the growing season and at the same time requires a minimum list of care procedures.