Varieties of Japanese Dwarf Spirea
Japanese Spirea is a very attractive ornamental shrub with many varieties and varieties. The most popular of them are: Goldmound, Japaniz Dwarf, Golden Princesses and Candlelight.
Spirea or meadowsweet belongs to the Pink family. This shrub is widely used in landscape design, because it is able to decorate any garden, courtyard, flower garden, and also become part of attractive compositions in combination with other plants.
Spiraea japonica is the Latin name for Japanese dwarf or midget spirea, characterized by a miniature spherical bush. This type of plant belongs to summer blooming. From June to August, beautiful inflorescences of small flowers appear on its shoots. They can be pale pink and red.
Did you know? Spirea shoots contain salicin glycoside, which can be turned into aspirin.
The leaves of this species of spirea are also very beautiful. Most often, they are painted in various shades of yellow, and depending on the time of year they may acquire a slightly reddish or orange color.
Due to the fact that this plant adapts well to different climatic conditions and is not whimsical in choosing the soil for growth, it is very popular. And, despite the name, this type of spirea is growing not only in Japan, but also in many other countries around the world.
Japanese meadowsweet totals more than 100 various grades which differ in bush height, color of leaves and flowers, density of a crown, growth rate and other insignificant features. But their main properties are similar.
This variety is quite fast growing. The shrub has a low (up to 60 cm), dense crown. The leaves on the shoots are located close to each other. They are medium in size, oblong in shape. Young foliage has a reddish tint, and a little later changes it to golden, which remains until the end of the season.
Inflorescences of this variety have a very beautiful pale pink color. They appear in June only at the tops of shoots, and adorn themselves with shrubs until the beginning of autumn. Goldmound variety spirea is very photophilous, therefore it likes to grow in open areas, away from tall trees with a dense crown. To maintain a bright color of the leaves, she constantly needs light, and in large quantities.
Goldmound grows well in fertile, drained soils. This shrub is not very whimsical, but still prefers slightly acidic and neutral types of soil. Drought, like a winter drop in temperature, suffers fairly steadily. It is rarely affected by diseases and pests.
This variety is used for decorative purposes, for decorating courtyards, playgrounds, borders and flower beds. It looks very impressive in group landings.
Did you know?The name spirea comes from the word "spiral." Since her shoots grow spirally.
This shrub is stunted, only 30 cm tall, and it grows quite slowly. Over the year, it increases by only 5 cm. It has a beautiful rounded crown with small green leaves. In the fall, they change their color to orange.
Starting in June, the bushes are covered with inflorescences, enveloping them with a delicate pink cloud. After flowering, it is recommended to cut them. Japanese Spirea Japaniz Dvorf is not whimsical to the growing conditions, but grows better on moist and loose soils. She loves the sun, so she likes outdoor areas more. Used for landscaping alpine hills, borders, as well as hedges.
Dwarf spirea Golden Princess is a small shrub, 50-60 cm high, with a rounded crown and yellow leaves, in which the shade changes depending on the time of year. It grows 5-10 cm annually. This variety of spirea blooms in June - July. Her flowers, pink with a reddish tint, are gathered in shields. Unlike inflorescences of the Japaniz Dwarf variety, they are more rare.This decorative variety is used in group and individual plantings, as a groundcover, to create alpine slides, as well as for low borders.
This variety, like the rest, loves fertile soils, loose and quite moist. Prefers well-lit places. It tolerates a decrease in temperature and a short forced drought. Golden princess shoots are recommended to be cut in the spring, and at the end of the summer, dry inflorescences must be removed.
Candlelight dwarf spirea is up to 50 cm high, and each year it grows by about 5 cm. Its leaves are orange-red at the time of blooming and fall bright yellow in the summer. Flowers appear in June and bloom until early September. They are collected in inflorescences and have a bright pink color. After flowering, it is desirable to cut them off.
Candlelight loves the sun or a light shadow. It grows well on rich, loose soils with a neutral level of acidity. He tolerates winter easily; he does not need shelter. It is used for group and individual gardening in order to create an attractive landscape.
Gardeners and landscape designers are very fond of Japanese dwarf spirea because of its unpretentiousness and ability to grow on any soil. The main thing is to choose a well-lit place so that the shrub receives as much sunlight as possible. It is advisable to plant a spirea in the fall, immediately after leaf fall. It is possible in the spring, before the first buds open up.
Seedlings are selected healthy, without damage. When planting, it is advisable to shorten the shoots by about a third, as well as cut off too long and weak roots. If the rhizome is very dry, it should be soaked overnight in water. Spirea should be planted early in the morning or in the evening, and even better in cloudy weather or on those days when it rains.
Important!Japanese Spirea Wells Must Be Prepared for 2–3 days before boarding.
Pits for bushes need to be made twice as long as the length of the rhizome, while their walls should be strictly sheer.
Spiraea should be planted in the following sequence:
- Dig holes at a distance of 50 cm from each other in advance and leave to ventilate.
- After a couple of days, make a drain, pouring broken brick or large stones to the bottom.
- Top with a mixture of soil with peat and sand.
- Arrange seedlings in the holes, sprinkle with the remains of the soil mixture to the level of the root neck.
- Gently tamp the ground so as not to damage the rhizomes.
- Water young plants well using 2 buckets of water.
- Mulch the soil around the bushes with peat.
How to care
Despite the fact that this shrub is often chosen for landscaping because of its unpretentiousness in care, there are still rules that must be followed when growing dwarf meadowsweet.
Important!Excess moisture for Japanese spirea is just as dangerous as drought, so you need to water it in moderation.
In order for the bushes to grow well, look beautiful and healthy, you must not forget to perform such simple actions:
- Water plants, especially in those periods when they take root and bloom, as well as after pruning. In the dry summer months, you need to pour 1-2 buckets under each bush twice a month.
- Fertilize after planting with mineral fertilizers, as well as peat and humus before and after flowering. In summer, feed a solution of mullein, to which superphosphate is added. And after pruning and for the winter, apply organic fertilizers to restore strength.
- Crop in the spring, the tops of shoots that were frozen during the winter, as well as dry and diseased branches. Periodically spruce the bush, getting rid of old shoots.In summer, cut off dry inflorescences so that the plant does not squander their strength.
- Weed soil around the bush, loosen it and mulch so that the rhizome receives a sufficient amount of oxygen, and the moisture is retained for as long as possible.
All varieties of Japanese Lilliputian spirea are suitable for creating a unique landscape, because they have high decorative properties, are unpretentious in maintenance, and well take root on any soil. They can be used separately or in group plantings, as groundcover for flower beds, green hedges, as well as alpine slides.