Growing gray spirea: features of planting and care
Many gardeners are interested in planting spirea on their site. Below is a description of how to do this and how to take care of the plant in the future before and after flowering.
Spirea grows in the form of a bush and refers to long flowering plants.. A distinctive feature of this shrub is the long branches, which are strewn with small white flowers, which makes it look like a snowball from a long distance. The bush blooms for a long time, starting in May, depending on the climate and species.
Important! Planting a plant is necessary mainly on the sunny side. So it will rapidly develop and will soon please flowering.
In care, this plant is unpretentious, frost-resistant and tolerates adverse conditions, such as drought or excessive humidity.. It is used for landscaping parks, alleys and summer cottages. The height of the spirea can reach 2 m and have a diverse shape: today there are many species of this shrub that can be spherical, pyramidal or cascading. Upright and creeping spirea also occurs.
Types of Gray Spirea
For the design of landscapes, more than 100 types of spirae are known, including Japanese. They are distinguished from each other by size, shape, flowering period and color. The most popular among gardeners are ashen Grefshaym, silver Argut and Graziosa. All varieties of this plant are resistant to disease and tolerate pest damage.
These shrub varieties reach a height of up to 1.5 m and have a spherical shape. The branches are densely covered with white flowers, which makes the bush look like a snow globe. Leaves can be gray-green or bronze-yellow and other shades.
The plant is unpretentious in care. It blooms annually, abundantly and for a long time. This variety is absolutely unpretentious to the soil and can grow in urban conditions: along roads, in parks, in malls.
It tolerates conditions in which dust levels are increased, watering is limited, or there is an oversupply of the sun. Grefshamem well survives frosts. Freezing of shoots is possible, but this will not affect flowering in the future
Graciosa Spiraea can reach a height of 1.5–2 m. It has spreading, arched branches that gracefully hang down and are strewn with many white flowers. The leaves of Graciosa are narrow and painted green. The view is perfect for a snow-white bouquet.
This species is used for landscaping in a large, open area, as well as for planting in the form of hedges.
The plant is unpretentious to planting conditions, tolerates drought, an excess of sunny color, as well as high and low temperatures.
This is one of the largest spirea bushes. Its height can reach 2 m. The main advantage of this variety is that it can begin flowering in April.
The shoots of Argut can also reach a length of 2 m, if they are not systematically cut off. The flowering is plentiful, white in color, which from afar resembles white foam or lace. The plant tolerates winter well and can grow in one place for several years. The disadvantages of this variety include a short flowering - about 20 days.
Like other spirea, Argut is unpretentious to the soil and living conditions. It tolerates heat, drought and low temperatures.
How to plant?
Spirea is recommended to be planted in autumn or early spring.. For a seedling, you need to dig a small hole, which will be 2 times larger than the root system of the plant.
Important! If the root processes are very large or damaged, they must be shortened by secateurs. The cut must be even.
The seedling is placed in the ground so that the roots lie freely.. Next, the pit must be filled with a mixture of earth, peat and sand in equal proportions.After planting, land around should be crushed, make a small hole for irrigation and pour plenty of water into it.
The growth rate of gray spirea
Depending on the variety and type of spirea, they can have a different shape, growth rate and size: from a small bush to a large bush of impressive size. They also differ in the flowering period. A bush can bloom in autumn or spring-summer.
Almost all species of spirai begin to bloom 3-4 years after planting. At the same time, summer species of bushes are characterized by longer and more abundant flowering.
This shrub is undemanding in care. Spirea grows on any soil, you can not transplant it for several years, while it continues to bloom regularly, photophilous, frost-resistant, undemanding for watering. Also a plus in caring for this plant is that it is not exposed to disease, and a few pests are easy to clean.
Did you know? In the epic "Sadko" it is told how to use spirea in Russia - the branches of the plant served to draw lots.
Spirea during flowering need regular, but moderate watering.. It is necessary to carry out this during the period of drought so that 10-15 l of water falls on one bush. It is recommended to loosen the soil after rains and watering, it is also done for aesthetic purposes and immediately after planting, so that the young plant receives more moisture and develops faster. Periodic loosening can protect the bush from oxygen starvation.
Particular attention is paid to top dressing. This should be done at the allotted time, depending on the flowering period of the spirea. Fertilizers containing phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium and various trace elements are used for top dressing.
Also, during the flowering of the shrub, it is important to monitor the state of its branches, periodically cut off already dry parts. This will help preserve the aesthetic appearance of the plant and prolong flowering for a short time.
During the appearance of flowers, it is recommended to inspect the spiraea for pests.. Although the plant is rarely exposed to disease, aphids and spider mites can live on it. It is important to start the fight against them in time, so as not to lose the beauty of the bush.
After the flowering period has come to an end, the plant must be prepared for winter. Most often, watering in the fall is not required. However, there are exceptions if the weather is hot. Phosphate fertilizers are added to the soil, which makes it possible for the bush to be fed with useful trace elements over the winter.
Did you know? In 1839, a well-known medicine was made from spirea. — acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin). This is due to the fact that the shoots of the plant contain the chemical substance salicin glycoside.
Although spirea are frost-resistant, it is recommended that they be protected from the cold in winter.. The root is covered with a layer of leaves with a thickness of about 10 cm. Thus, heat is retained in the root zone, plant damage is prevented. Fallen snow will create an additional thermal cushion.
You can also prune the shrub by removing excess and damaged branches. This is done to stimulate flowering and to form new shoots.
After reading information about the types of gray spirea, you can decide which one to plant in your garden. In addition, following the recommendations, you will be able to grow a beautiful shrub.