Description of the variety of iris Siberian Concord Crash
An unusually beautiful large Siberian iris flower Concord Crush (Concord Crash) has an excellent aroma. It is grown by gardeners in any corner of the country due to its unpretentiousness and ease of care. One of the most popular flowers in urban flower beds, preserves the richness of color for almost a month. The word iris is translated from Greek as "rainbow", which really corresponds to the visual characteristic of the flower bud.
It is this variety of iris that has an exquisite sweet aroma, although its flowers are larger than other varieties of irises. Concord blooms from May to June with purple-blue double flowers with light yellow streaks and interspersed for three weeks. Up to 7 buds per stalk, up to 40 cm wide, grows up to 60 cm in height, and can even reach 120 cm. The leaves are thin, no more than 4 cm wide, not exceeding the flower stalk in height. If the irises are cut and put in a vase, then they will retain their flowering for up to 10 days.
They grow easily both in sunny areas and in shady areas, do not require special watering, and are also not demanding on the composition of the soil. However, if you pay attention to the quality of the soil, for example, to plant iris in slightly acidic or alkaline soil, you can achieve the maximum decorative effect from the Concord variety. It transfers wintering easily on open ground in any regions of the country.
Siberian iris has a large number of useful components that allow it to be used for medicinal purposes. Roots and seeds are used for this.
Did you know? Toasted iris seeds were once an expensive treat. They made a drink similar to coffee.
In the rhizome, the active substance is an essential oil, unique in its composition due to the ketone iron component. Besides oil, the roots are rich in vitamin C and starch.
The application is quite diverse:
- in aromatherapy is used as a sedative;
- in folk medicine it is indispensable as an expectorant and laxative;
- decoction of the iris root promotes resorption of dense tumors;
- fights migraines;
- relieves gastrointestinal colic and peptic ulcer;
- root oil is used in the treatment of bronchitis, tonsillitis and pneumonia;
- in cosmetology fights against freckles, acne, wrinkles and even dandruff. Stops the process of hair loss and contributes to a further increase in their density.
Siberian iris will be a godsend for lazy gardeners. It can please the owner for many years with flowering without much care. The only thing that needs to be done regularly is to thin out the bush, because the iris has the ability to grow quickly. But here there are pluses - a well-developed root system enriches the soil and disinfects, fights fungal viruses in the soil.
Important! Siberian irises prefer slightly acidic soil. It is forbidden to add lime to the soil before planting.
The soil before planting iris must be well dug up and cleaned of weeds. Irises are not planted deeply, they are buried by 4 cm, and if the soil is very light, then you need a little deeper, for example, 6 cm from the ground level. However, root bending must not be allowed, therefore, if the processes of the rhizome are long, then the pit will be of corresponding depth.
If planting is planned for a permanent perennial place, then it is necessary to observe a distance between seedlings of 1 meter.After planting, the soil must be mulched with peat or compost and watered abundantly. Shelter for wintering can not be done, but if the plant did not have time to take root, then it is necessary to trim the leaves to a height of 15 cm and cover with pine lapnik.
The subtleties of care
Irises are not whimsical at all, do not require special care, can easily cope with winter frosts, lack of sun and summer heat. Small tips on the use of fertilizers will help to achieve maximum results in the cultivation of this plant, so that it pleased with the duration and abundance of flowering.
Important! Top dressing can not be applied during the flowering of the iris, if a favorable period is missed, it is better to fertilize at the end of summer.
Fertilizers are applied twice a year:
- after thawing snow;
- at the first manifestation of peduncles.
Pests and diseases
Iris Concord is not very susceptible to bacterial infection and the appearance of rot. A plant can weaken an untimely transplant of a flowering bush.
However, this variety still has some pest damage, such as:
- cattle scoops - spring caterpillars, eat up the peduncle and rhizome (for treatment use a solution of "Karbofos" 10% once a week);
- thrips - infect the leaves, stain them in brown, prevent the formation of buds (for treatment use a solution of “Karbofos” 10% once a week or infusion of shag with laundry soap);
- the little bears - eat up the rhizome (water the soil with chicken droppings, and pour soapy water into the passages);
- slugs - they affect the leaves and the root system (to fight, put a damp cloth between the flowers, where all the slugs will be collected);
- wireworms - they infect the plant with a viral infection, a mosaic appears on the leaves (to fight, treat the flower with insecticides or cut with the root from the site);
- beetle flies - they infect the plant with a viral infection, a mosaic appears on the leaves (insecticides are used to fight or removed from the site).
If the plant has undergone decay, it is necessary to shed rhizomes with a solution of Fundazol 0.2%. In the fight against spotting on the leaves, processing with a Bordeaux mixture of 1% will help. To prevent the appearance of such viruses, it is necessary to cultivate the soil with fungicides at the planting stage.
Did you know? On the walls of the Taj Mahal, built in the middle of the seventeenth century, you can find an amazing inlaid pattern - irises.
Iris in landscape design
Iris is rich in abundance of colors and shades. Create a floral arrangement is not difficult. A large number of buds on one peduncle makes the flowerbed thick and bright. True, when designing it, it is worth considering the uneven opening of buds for different varieties of irises. This plant grows well and in very humid areas, for example, near a reservoir, the flowers planted will be effectively reflected in the water.
The Siberian Concorde for care is an analogue of meadow flowers, without extraneous intervention it can grow for decades. However, it is worth paying little attention to how the flower will immediately please with more magnificent and long flowering. A variety of shapes and colors in varieties of irises allows you to compare them with tropical orchids.