The use of spirea in landscape design
When all the desired fruit trees and bushes are planted on the site, the owners think about its aesthetic side. Everyone wants the garden not only to benefit, but also to delight the eye, and give a pleasant aroma, and even the entire summer period. Spirea can be an excellent solution to such a problem.
General layout rules
The genus Spiraea (another, popular name - meadowsweet) has about 100 species. These are decorative summer-flowering deciduous shrubs of the Pink family. They are unpretentious in leaving and are well adapted to our climatic conditions. And gardeners and designers love to plant them because of the beautiful foliage, plentiful and long flowering.
In order for spirea to please its appearance for a long period, you need to know the basic principles of its planting:
- You can plant it both in early spring (before the start of the growing season), and in mid-autumn (first decade of October).
- It is worth choosing a place for a flower garden from this plant that is sufficiently lit and warmed up by the sun's rays (it should be borne in mind that the bush forms a powerful basal shoot).
- The soil should be fertile (dwarf spirea love rocky soil).
- During periods of drought, the bushes need to be watered 2 times a month, at the rate of 2 buckets of water for one plant.
- The soil in the root circle must be loose in order for oxygen to enter (this will help to mulch the soil under the bush with a layer of sawdust, straw, etc.).
- Weeds need to be cleaned in a timely manner (they can be left under the bush for an additional mulching layer).
- In severe winters, with a small amount of snow, the root system should be protected (for this a layer of foliage, straw or peat is poured about 20 cm).
- Spirea loves top dressing (the first, with a mineral complex, is carried out in the spring after pruning; the second, in the middle of summer, is fertilized with mullein solution with the addition of superphosphate).
- The bushes need both formative and sanitary pruning (the first is carried out as necessary, the next in early spring).
The correct planting location can be determined by the color of the leaf plate: with green leaves, it is better to plant in the shade (2-3 hours of sunlight), with a bright and colorful color in the illuminated area. Adhering to these simple rules of care, you will get the maximum effect from spirea.
Did you know? The beginning of the history of the emergence of landscape design is considered the 9th century BC. e., when one of the seven wonders of the world was created, the “Gardens of Babylon” in Babylon.
Spirea will be a wonderful decoration both for a small personal plot and for the adjacent territory of a luxurious mansion. It can be used in a single execution and for compositions, hedges or borders. A variety of varieties allows you to realize any, even very bold ideas.
With frequent pruning of the bush, it will not bloom profusely, but will decorate the landscape with original leaves.
For the design of borders, it is better to use dwarf varieties of spire. The main thing is that the planting height should be no more than 40 cm, and the distance between the bushes - 50–70 cm. With this planting, the border will not interfere with other plants.
Varieties suitable for forming borders:
- Golden Princesse;
- Little Princesse;
They are designed to create a bright accent on the site. Various bushes or trees are used as tapeworms. They do not require any additional design, and their bright appearance is able to independently give the lawn or garden originality.
The following grades of spiraes are suitable for soloing:
When using them in single plantings, pruning of bushes should be done on time. Varieties with spring flowering are pruned immediately after its termination (last year's branches). In summer-flowering species, such a procedure can be carried out both in the autumn period and in early spring before the start of sap flow. Those that bloom in late autumn are pruned exclusively in early spring.
Do not forget about anti-aging scraps. Spirea grows rapidly, so periodically it is necessary to remove old branches in order to give the plant strength.
Important! In the first year after planting, flowering will be minimal. Do not be upset, with proper care the next year, the bush will delight with full-fledged flowers, according to the variety.
Spirea living fencing will be a great choice - it is not expensive, not troublesome and beautiful. Due to the wide variety of varieties, you can grow a fence of various shapes. With a combined planting (planting varieties with different flowering periods), the fence will delight you with a magnificent view all summer and autumn.
In order to grow the fence evenly, before planting it is necessary to drive in stakes and pull a wire or twine, at a height of 20-30 cm from the ground. The holes should be at least 50 cm deep, the distance between them - 50-60 cm; if the landing is multirow, an interval of 50 cm is also maintained.
- Meadowsweet average;
- Nipponica Snowmound;
In the flower beds
You can plant a flower bed or flower garden with a combination of different flowers and shrubs. The composition should be created with the calculation of the flowering period, so that the planting is fragrant all season. Tall plants (lupine, weigela, delphinium, daylily) are usually planted in the center, and low-growing flowers and bushes along the edges. Japanese Spirea is the best suited for this purpose. With the right composition, the flowerbed will be viewed from all sides.To create a flower bed, such varieties of spirea are suitable:
- Golden Princess;
- Gold Mound.
Around trees or taller bushes
For pubescence around trees or tall bushes, it is better to plant undersized varieties of spirea with red or golden leaves. In this design, conifers and ornamental trees look good next to each other, as well as all kinds of tall shrubs, such as barberries.
The following varieties are recommended for an edge landing:
- Golden Carpet;
- Golden Princesse;
Combination with other plants
Spirea is a universal plant for garden decoration. It can be used as a single decoration, or in compositions with other flowers, bushes and trees. Therefore, at the initial stage of the design of the garden site, it is necessary to think in advance about the planting site of the spirea bushes and the location of other plants.
Did you know? The hue of hydrangea flowers depends on the acidity of the soil and the content of trace elements in it. So, on acid soils they will be blue, on neutral soils - pink, and on medium-acid ones - lilac or pink, and on one bush.
Hydrangea is a tall plant, therefore, when creating compositions with spirea, this must be taken into account. For such combinations, it is necessary to choose low-growing varieties of the latter so that they do not interfere with each other. They can be combined when creating flower beds, hedges and as a bright garden composition, to give, for example, a monotonous green lawn of a colorful look.
In our latitudes, panicle and tree-like hydrangeas have proven themselves well. They endure frosts, are rarely affected by diseases and pests, and are undemanding in care.
The host can act as a tapeworm in the composition, while for the edge of the forest using a spirea; or vice versa, they choose a spirea as a soloist, and lower-growing hosts are planted as a fence. It all depends on the preference of the designer, the varieties of a particular plant, its features, etc.For the composition, hosts with spirea are also better to choose undersized varieties. They can be combined in a checkerboard pattern - you get a beautiful border along the garden path, or planted as a border for the flowerbed.
Spirea-Weigel duo look great on the site. Especially good varieties will be combined with flowering. They can be arranged in different ways, it all depends on the size of the site and the personal preferences of the owner.
Gray spirea can be planted next to low roses, peonies, carnations. Varieties with yellow foliage are perfectly complemented by red Japanese maples. Bushes of viburnum, lilac or broomberry go well with white flowers.
Decorate your garden and make it unique will help this wonderful shrub. A flight of fantasy of a landscape designer is all that is needed to create a beautiful garden or summer cottage. Planting a spirea as I accept the lawn, creating a picturesque border or hedge is a wonderful choice for elegant decor, which is not very difficult to take care of.